Melbourne is the capital city of Melbourne, Australia, located in the South East of the continent. It sits on the North coast of Port Phillip with the Dandenong and Macedon highlands further hinterland. Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley are also located above the city as well.
The city was declared a city by Queen Victoria after free settlers from Van Diemen’s Land’s British Crown Colony founded a small settlement in the area. It receives its name after the then British Prime Minister – the 2nd Viscount Melbourne, William Lamb.
Melbourne is known as a cultural centre with plenty of festivals that happen throughout the year. It is known as the world’s second City of Literature, it contains the most number of bookstores and largest publishing sector in all of Australia. At the same time, together with Literary festivals such as the well-known Melbourne Writers Festival happening yearly and the Melbourne Prize for Literature and the Victorian Premier’s Literary Awards given out here, it’s no doubt how it received its name.
There are also a great number of architectural buildings of worth note here including Shrine of Remembrance, the now-demolished, APA Australian Building, and Royal Exhibition Building which is listed as a World Heritage Site.
Also of note, are the universities in the area – Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, the Swinburne University of Technology, Deakin University and several other public universities – University of Melbourne, Monash University and Victoria University.