Sydney is the capital of the state of New South Wales in Australia, located on the South East of the continent. It is the world’s biggest natural harbour with many other natural and architectural landmarks of note.
Captain Arthur Phillip was tasked to establish a new colony in a penal outpost in the Australian territory and is credited for naming the settlement Sydney, after Lord Sydney, Thomas Townshend who played a part in initiating the establishment of the colony.
The city sits on Sydney Cove harbour which is located below the Hawkesbury River with the Tasman Sea to the east, and bounded by the Woronora Plateau and Blue Mountains further inland. Sydney is known for a number of very beautiful and clean beaches such as Bondi and Manly Beach as well as many others along the coast. In addition, there are many nature walks and reserves that draw tourist’s attention like the Royal Botanic Gardens, mangrove boardwalks and Aquatic Centre at the Sydney Olympic Park and even the view over the Sydney Harbour by the Harbour Bridge.
Of course, the shopping and cultural attractions are of worthy mention too – the Sydney Opera House, Australian Museum and Museum of Contemporary Art amongst a great number of other architectural buildings like the Macquarie Lighthouse, Hyde Park Barracks, churches and government houses are all notable for their heritage and history.